The most significant archeological excavations of the 20th century certainly will be the terracotta warriors and horses found in China. Work is ongoing at this site, which is around 1.5 kilometers east of Emperor Qin Huang’s Mausoleum in Lintong, Xian, Saanxi Province. Qin Shin Huang the first emperor of China worked on his mausoleum for eleven years. It is speculated that many buried treasures and sacrificial objects had accompanied the emperor in his after life. A group of peasants uncovered some pottery while digging for a well nearby the royal tomb in 1974. It caught the attention of archeologists immediately. They came to Xian in droves to study and to extend the digs. They had established beyond doubt that these artifacts were associated with the Qin Dynasty (211-206 BC). Life size terracotta figures of warriors seam to have different configurations of body and faces and it is presumed that they are made to the faces of actual people.
The museum covers an area of 16,300 square meters, divided into three sections: No. 1 Pit, No. 2 Pit, and No. 3 Pit respectively. They were tagged in the order of their discoveries. No. 1 Pit is the largest, first opened to the public on China’s National Day, 1979. There are columns of soldiers at the front, followed by war chariots at the back.
Altogether over 7,000 pottery soldiers, horses, chariots, and even weapons have been unearthed from these pits. Most of them have been restored to their former grandeur.
The terracotta warriors and horses had been listed by UNESCO in 1987 and they listed China on the tourist map.
About twenty of these brave warriors will make a long journey and come to the British Museum, there is a big interests in this exhibition, the only of this kind was when Tutankhamen was coming to Britain.
It will be very hard to get tickets, so you should hurry and not miss this, it is once in a life time.